afrocentrism v eurocentrism Essay

The Racial of the Historical Egyptians

Author(s): Herbert J. Foster

Source: Journal of Black Research, Vol. your five, No . a couple of (Dec., 1974), pp. 175-191 Published simply by: Sage Guides, Inc.

Steady URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2783936.

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THEETHNICITY THE

OF

HISTORICAL

EGYPTIANS

HERBERT J. PROMOTE

of

Office History

Staten Island Community

College

A persistent

historicalmisconception

has been that Black

people have developed simply no important

neither have

civilizations,

they produced any significant

contributions globe culture.

to

The historyof Black people since they arrivedin the New

Universe, as well as their very own experiencesin Africa, has been

treatedin this manner. Untilrecently, history Africa

the

of

has been writtenas part of the Africanslave trade and

European imperialexpansioninto the continentduring

the

nineteenth

century. Hugh Trevor-Roper

(1965: 1), Regius

of

in

wrote:

Teacher History OxfordUniversity,

seduced just about any, by the changing

breathof

Undergraduates,

journalistic

style, demand that they can should be taughtthe

of

right now there

in

willbe some

history blackAfrica.

Most likely thefuture

to

African

presently there none, or perhaps very

is definitely

history teach. Butat thepresent

little: there onlythehistory Europeans Africa. snooze

of

in

The

is

is

darkness.... Men existed even in dark countriesand dark

although

their

wouldbe to amuseourselves

centuries, to examine

history

of

in

withthe unrewarding

tribes picturesque

gyrations barbarous

butirrelevant

corners theglobe.

of

RECORD OF DARK STUDIES,

? mid 1970s Sage Journals, Inc.

Volume. 5 No . 2, December 1974

[175]

This content downloaded from 80. 147. 233. 252 upon Sat, 10 Jan 2014 15: 54: 46 PM All make use of subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions

[1761 RECORD OF DARK STUDIES / DECEMBER 1974

in

Commentsof European colonial time administrators The african continent

of

this kind of misconception the Africanpast. Basil

also shown

Kirby,

Davidson(1959: ix) offers noted thatin 1958 SirArthur

for BritishEast Africa working in london, told the

Commissioner

Torquay Branch of the Overseas League that " in the last

59 years... East Africa has evolved from a totally

country, in lots of ways more backwardthan the

primitive

British

colonial time governor Kenya,

of

Stone Age. " The previous

yearsI

PhillipMitchell(1968: 3), reported: " The forty-two

have got spent in Africa... cover a large portion of the history of

intended for

Africa, it could hardlybe said to extendmuch

sub-Saharan

back thanabout 1870. "

further

in

Fortunately, modern times, many of these misconcephave written tionshave been fixed.

Numeroushistorians

extensivelyon the great precolonial Black kingdomsof

and flourished

earlierthan

The african continent, some of whichoriginated

the old kingdoms of Europe. Yet , historical

of

still

after thequestionof the ethnicity

controversy centers

the ancient Egyptianswho developed one of the world's

The question is also symptoearliestcentersof civilization.

matic of the characteristics of race relations at given details in

in

thatis, it has been interpreted accordancewiththe

history;

statusof Black people. The realissuein thisdebate

changing

weie

the

of

a

is not only matter if...

References: ARKELL, A. L. (1961) A Historyof the Sudan: In the EarliestTimes to 1821.

BOHANNAN, P. (1964) Africaand Africans. GardenCity, And. Y.: NaturalHistory

Press.

BREASTED, J. A. (1959) Advancement Religion and Thought in Ancient

Egypt. New York: Harper& Row.

---(1946)

of

COLE, S. (1963) The Prehistory East The african continent. New York: Macmillan.

CURTIN, S. D. (1964) Image of Africa. Madison: Univ. of Wisconsin

DAVIDSON, B

The African

---(1967)

---(1959)

DuBOIS, Watts. E. N

FRANKLIN, L. H. (1969) From Slaveryto Freedom. New york city: Vintage.

FATAL, A. (1943) Benvenuto Cellini Had Zero Prejudice Against Bronze.

JULY, R. (1970) A Historyof the AfricanPeople. New York: CharlesScribner 's.

MITCHELL, P. (1968) " Africa and the Westin historicalperspective, " in G. C.

OLIVER, R. and J. D. FAGE (1962) A Short Historyof Africa. Baltimore:

Penguin.

RAWLINSON, G. [trans. ] (1952) The Historyof Herodotus. Chi town: Encyclopaedia Britannica.

ROGERS, T. A. (1942-1944) Sex and Race. Ny.

SANDERS, E. (1969) " The Hamitic hypothesis. " J. of AfricanHistory. 12, 4:

521-532.

SELIGMAN, C. G. (1930) Races of Africa. New York: OxfordUniv. Press.

SPEKE, J. H. (1964) Journalof the Discovery with the Source of the Nile. New

York.

THOMSON, A. and D. RANDALL-MacIVER (1905) Old Races inside the

Thebaid

WELLARD, J. (1967) Lost Worldsof Africa. Ny: E. P. Dutton.

WILKINSON, J. G. (1878) The AncientEgyptians. Birmingham.

WILLIAMS, At the. (1961) Capitalismand Slavery. Ny: Russell & Russell.

WILSON, J. (1957) The Burdenof Egypt. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press.

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